MARISCO is an approach for adaptive ecosystem-based management, aiming to achieve MAnagement of vulnerability and at RISk COnservation sites. It is not merely a planning process; it is equally about enacting principles of ecosystem-based adaptation to change in all aspects of conservation management. The method is aimed at practitioners and students who want to learn more about modern and effective conservation management in the context of global change, and who are interested in applying the method or even potentially guiding exercises themselves. The MARISCO method was developed and tested by the Centre for econics and ecosystem management which is a joint establishment of Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development (Germany) and Writtle College (UK). The Center for Econics has developed and tested the method with colleagues and partners from Germany, Ukraine, China, Korea, Guatemala, Peru, UK, Albania, Russia and many more. EnvPro is one of the Center’s partners, having implemented the methodology in the project “Actions for the ecological valorisation of Buljarica cove” and currently in the project “Enabling environment for joint bottom up protection and sustainable development planning for Bojana river basin”.
The Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) is a part of a series of management effectiveness assessment tools developed by the World Bank and World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF) Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use (“the Alliance”). To achieve some of their targets, the Alliance developed a simple site-level tracking tool (METT) to facilitate reporting on management effectiveness of protected areas within WWF and World Bank projects. The tracking tool is built around the application of the World Commission on Protected Areas framework (WCPA), whose main aim is to maximize the potential of protected areas and improve management processes. The main aim of the METT tool is to provide a quick overview of progress in improving the effectiveness of management in individual protected areas, to be filled in by the protected area manager or other relevant staff. It should not replace more thorough methods of assessment for the purposes of adaptive management. In its domain it is a powerful tool being part of WWF’s Rapid Assessment and Prioritisation Methodology and part of monitoring systems such as those developed by UNESCO natural World Heritage sites and used heavily by Global Environment Facility (GEF). In Montenegro, EnvPro uses the METT tool for tracking efficiency of Nature Park Orjen management, as part of the project “Conservation of endemic, rare and threatened species on Mt. Orjen”.